美國農業部為大麻種植戶提供了新的保險選項,但警告生產規則將暫時保留。

Updated: Feb 17

USDA offers new insurance options but warns that production rules are staying – for now




官員們表示,大麻種植者將獲得一些幫助,以保護其作物免受自然災害的侵害,但目前暫時不考慮提議的聯邦生產規則將在2020年生長季節及時改變的任何希望。 美國農業部高級官員透露了由風險管理署管理的兩項大麻保險計劃的新細節,這些計劃將在下個季節提供。生產者可以 3月16日之前報名參加 。要獲得資格,農民必須:

-有購買大麻作物的合同 -擁有生產大麻的許可證 -遵守適當的州部落或聯邦法規 -不遲於面積報告日期(針對其中一項計劃)向USDA提供加工商合同 兩項服務計劃的最終面積報告日期為8月15日,因此生產者應在種植後儘快向縣農業監管機構報告其面積。 規則到2020年可能不會改變

聯邦農業官員還討論了國內大麻生產計劃的下一步措施。 他們說,大麻行業成員不應該期望下一個生長季節會有任何改變。在2021年10月31日之後實施最終規則之前,可能甚至沒有進行任何更改。

美國農業部農業市場服務處的布魯斯·薩默斯(Bruce Summers)表示,該機構已收到超過4,600條有關規定的評論,並預計在整個2020季節至2021年會有更多評論。

他說:“我們打算在第一個生長期後重新開放正式的意見徵詢期,以確保我們從新法律環境的實際經驗中獲得反饋”。薩默斯說,最終規則將在未來兩年內完成。 清理問題

薩默斯(Summers)承認業界提出的最關注的問題 。 他提到了以下普遍關注的問題:

THC限制為0.3%。 使用脫羧後方法測試總THC的要求。 要求到2020年秋季,所有大麻生產商必須遵守2018年《農業法案》,並擺脫2014年《農業法案》的規定。

但是薩默斯指出,國會制定了這些規定,使美國農業部無權放鬆這些規定。

他說:“對這些要求的任何變更都需要採取立法行動。”薩默斯指出,該機構正在努力確定可能的靈活性。 他說:“我們的重點一直是為農民提供清晰的規則和所需的工具,以符合所有法律要求。”“美國農業部在這裡是農民的資源。 美國農業部各部門正在大麻生產的各個方面開展合作,從種植和收割到作物保險和農業貸款,使種植者能夠成功。”

薩默斯(Summers)在國家大麻法規中解決了“挫折與困惑”的一些不同方面,以明確可能發生的變化,除非法律發生變化,否則將保持的趨勢:


THC總含量

2018年《農業法案》要求採用脫羧後測試方法。 薩默斯指出,另一方面,2014年《農業法案》沒有執行這些規定。他說,新法律“就檢測要求的內容提供了更多的直接通知,而'脫羧'一詞的確是將其應用於更嚴格的總四氫大麻酚檢測的基礎,”。 抽樣方法和15天期限

薩默斯說,可能發生變化的一個亮點是:THC採樣方法和時間安排。他補充說:“這絕對是我們的職權範圍。” “您可能會在最終規則中看到一些變化。”薩默斯表示,監管機構將審查在評論期內收集到的行業反饋,以決定如何推進最終規則。

DEA實驗室

農民們對以下問題表示關注:沒有按照臨時最終法規的要求在美國藥品監督管理局註冊足夠的實驗室,以及實驗室是否有能力在15天的樣品檢測期內完成THC檢測。薩默斯說,美國農業部已經在全國范圍內與實驗室聯繫,以確定他們在收穫時的測試能力,並希望很快能獲得更多信息。他說:“這是我們聽到的清晰聲音,也是我們正在處理的事情。” 處置熱麻

2018年《農業法案》規定,超過聯邦THC限值0.3%但低於0.5%的農作物將被認為是微不足道的,儘管這些農作物的處理方式可能會有一定的靈活性。“如果超過法規規定的0.3%,則仍然必須將其處置-我們說的是“處置”,而不是“銷毀”,因為那裡可能存在一定的靈活性,我們希望得到一些靈活性不久之後,還會有其他指導。”薩默斯說。“但是仍然必須將其丟棄,因為它仍然高於0.3%,因此無法用於商業用途。”

試點計劃

薩默斯說,預計在2014年試行的2020作物年度的農民和各州將遵守11月1日生效的臨時最終規則。

運輸

薩默斯說,根據2014年的試點生產的大麻和2018年的《農場法案》可以在州際貿易中合法運輸,這一問題統一適用。

“該法規確實要求(聯邦監管機構)向執法部門實時提供數據,因此我們正在與FSA和DEA的同事合作開發一種系統,以便(全國范圍內)執法部門能夠知道生產者是否擁有許可證,該字段位於該字段,並且,如果在場外對大麻進行了測試,則該大麻的數量應在0.3或以下,”他補充說。同時,他說,農民和運輸公司應該習慣於攜帶有關其農作物的信息,以便能夠證明大麻的來源,大麻是否由持牌種植者生產以及分析證書,證明大麻經過了合法的檢測。 THC限制。

Hemp farmers are about to get some help protecting their crops from natural disasters, but any hope that the proposed federal production rules will change in time for the 2020 growing season should be put aside for now, officials say.

Top officials from the U.S. Department of Agriculture have revealed new details for two hemp insurance programs, administered through the Risk Management Agency, that are available for the coming season.Producers can sign up for the coverage now through March 16. To be eligible, farmers must:

-Have a contract for purchase of their hemp crops. -Have a license to produce hemp. -Comply with the appropriate state tribal or federal regulations.

-Provide a processor contract to USDA no later than the acreage reporting date (for one of the programs).


The final acreage reporting date for both programs is Aug. 15, so producers should report their acreage to county farm regulators as soon as possible after planting, said Richard Fordyce, an administrator in the Farm Services Agency (FSA).


Rules likely won’t change for 2020

Federal agriculture officials also discussed next steps for the domestic hemp production program. They said hemp industry members shouldn’t expect anything to change next growing season.


Changes might not even be in place until the final rule is implemented after Oct. 31, 2021.Bruce Summers of the USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service said the agency has received more than 4,600 comments on the rules and expects more throughout the 2020 season and into 2021.

“We intend to reopen the formal comment period after the first growing season to ensure we capture feedback from the actual experiences” of the new legal landscape, he said.Summers said the final rule will be completed over the next two years.


Clearing up questions

Summers acknowledged the top issues of concern voiced by the industry. He mentioned common concerns about:The THC limit of 0.3%.The requirement to test for total THC using post-decarboxylation methods.The requirement that by fall 2020, all hemp producers must comply with the 2018 Farm Bill and move away from the 2014 Farm Bill provisions.

But Summers pointed out that Congress made those rules, leaving USDA powerless to loosen them.“Any changes to these requirements require legislative action,” he said.

The agency is working to identify possible flexibilities, Summers noted.“Our focus has been to get farmers clear rules and the tools they need to comply with all the legal requirements,” he said.

“The USDA is here to be a resource for farmers. Agencies across the USDA are working together on all aspects of hemp production, from planting and harvesting to crop insurance and farm loans so the growers will be successful.”

Summers addressed some of the different areas of “frustration and confusion” in the national hemp rules to provide clarity on what might be changed – and what’s staying unless the law is changed:

Total THC versus delta-9 THC

The 2018 Farm Bill requires post-decarboxylation testing methods. The 2014 Farm Bill, on the other hand, did not carry those provisions, Summers pointed out.

The new law “provides much more a direct notice on what’s going to be required as far as testing, and that term, ‘decarboxylation,’ is really what kicks it over to the more rigorous testing for total THC,” he said.

Sampling methods and 15-day period

One bright spot for possible change: THC sampling methods and timing, Summers said.“That absolutely is within our purview to exercise some discretion,” he added. “You might see some changes in the final rule.”

Summers said regulators will review the industry feedback gathered during the comment period to decide how to move forward on the final rule.

DEA labs

Farmers have expressed concern over not having enough laboratories that are registered with the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, as required under the interim final rule, and the availability of the labs to complete THC testing within the 15-day sample testing window.

Summers said the USDA has reached out to labs nationally to identify their testing capacity at harvest time and expects to have more information available soon.“It’s something we heard loud and clear and something we’re dealing with,” he said.

Disposal of hot hemp

The 2018 Farm Bill stipulated that crops exceeding the federal THC limit of 0.3% but under 0.5% will not be considered to be negligible, though there might be some flexibility on what can be done with those crops.

“If it’s over the 0.3%, which is required in the statute, it still has to be disposed of – and we said ‘disposed of,’ which is not ‘destroyed,’ because there’s probably some flexibility there and we hope to get some additional guidance on that out shortly,” Summers said.

“But still it would have to be disposed of because it’s still above the 0.3%, and therefore that’s not available to go into commerce.”

Pilot program

Farmers and states operating under the 2014 pilot for the 2020 crop year will be expected to comply with the interim final rule effective Nov. 1, with no exceptions, Summers said.

Transportation

Hemp produced under the 2014 pilot and the 2018 Farm Bill can be lawfully transported in interstate commerce, an issue that applies uniformly, Summers said.

“The statute does require (federal regulators) to provide data to law enforcement real time, so we are working with our colleagues at the FSA and DEA to develop a system so that law enforcement (nationwide) will be able to know if a producer has a license, where the field is located and, that if the hemp has been tested off the farm, it was at that 0.3 or below,” he added.

Meanwhile, he said farmers and transportation companies should get used to carrying information about their crops to be able to demonstrate where the hemp came from and if it was produced by a licensed grower as well as a certificate of analysis proving it has tested below the legal THC limit.

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